## Mathematics

**The Grove Junior School**

**Maths Parent Information**

**How to help your child at home**

**Maths curriculum **

September 2014 saw the introduction of the new National Curriculum.

Within the new curriculum, Maths is one of the subjects where there is the most change and there are now far higher expectations.

Aspects of maths are now called ‘domains’. They are: – number, calculation, measurement, geometry, statistics, algebra, fractions, decimals & percentages.

**Each year group has a mix of these domains in its curriculum.**

The biggest changes are :

A more challenging curriculum, written methods introduced and expected to be ‘mastered’ earlier on, calculators are no longer specifically part of the curriculum and using & applying is ‘infused’ throughout each domain.

The aims of the new maths curriculum are :

- Fluency – understanding concepts and rapid recall of facts
- Mathematical reasoning – using mathematical vocabulary, generalising, developing arguments. ‘Talk for maths’.
- Solving problems – apply what you know, persevering in problem solving
- It is very important to link Maths to real life experiences

**End of Year Expectations for Year 3**

• Compare & order numbers up to 1000.

• Read & write all numbers to 1000 in digits and words.

• Find 10 or 100 more/less than a given number.

• Count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100.

• Recall & use multiplication & division facts for 3, 4, 8 tables.

• Recognise place value of any 3-digit number.

• Add and subtract:

o 3-digit nos and ones

o 3-digit nos and tens

o 3-digit nos and hundreds

• Add and subtract:

o Numbers with up to 3-digits using written columnar method.

• Estimate and use inverse to check.

• Multiply:

o 2-digit by 1-digit

• Count up/down in tenths.

• Compare and order fractions with same denominator.

• Add and subtract fractions with same denominator with whole.

• Tell time using 12 and 24 hour clocks; and using Roman numerals.

• Tell time to nearest minute.

• Know number of days in each month and number of seconds in a minute.

**End of Year Expectations for Year 4**

• Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers.

• Compare and order numbers beyond 1,000.

• Compare and order numbers with up to 2 decimal places.

• Read Roman numerals to 100.

• Find 1,000 more/less than a given number.

• Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000.

• Recall and use multiplication and division facts all tables to 12×12.

• Recognise PV of any 4-digit number.

• Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000.

• Round decimals with 1dp to nearest whole number.

• Add and subtract:

o Numbers with up to 4-digits using written columnar method.

• Multiply:

o 2-digit by 1-digit

o 3-digit by 1-digit

• Count up/down in hundredths.

• Recognise and write equivalent fractions

• Add and subtract fractions with same denominator.

• Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24 hour clocks.

**End of Year Expectations for Year 5.**

• Count forwards and backward with positive and negative numbers through zero.

• Count forwards/backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000.

• Compare and order numbers up to 1,000,000.

• Compare and order numbers with 3 decimal places.

• Read Roman numerals to 1,000.

• Identify all multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs.

• Use known tables to derive other number facts.

• Recall prime numbers up to 19.

• Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers.

• Recognise place value of any number up to 1,000,000.

• Round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10,000 or 100,000.

• Round decimals with 2 decimal places to nearest whole number and 1 decimal place.

• Add and subtract:

o Numbers with more than 4-digits using formal written method.

• Use rounding to check answers.

• Multiply:

o 4-digits by 1-digit/ 2-digit

• Divide:

o Up to 4-digits by 1-digit

• Multiply & divide:

o Whole numbers & decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000

• Recognise and use thousandths.

• Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one to another.

• Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers.

• Identify and write equivalent fractions.

• Solve time problems using timetables and converting between different units of time.

**End of Year Expectations for Year 6.**

• Use negative numbers in context and calculate intervals across zero.

• Compare and order numbers up to 10,000,000.

• Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers.

• Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy.

• Identify the value of each digit to 3 decimal places.

• Use knowledge of order of operations to carry out calculations involving four operations.

• Multiply:

o 4-digit by 2-digit

• Divide:

o 4-digit by 2-digit

• Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers.

• Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in the simplest form.

• Divide proper fractions by whole numbers.

• Calculate % of whole number.

**Please click on the link below to see an overview of progression in maths through Key Stages 1 & 2**

**A few rules to support your child at home:**

**Do **give LOTS of praise. Resist the temptation to point out mistakes every time a child does a calculation wrong. Children need encouragement to be confident, and a confident child makes a better learner.

**Don ’t **push a skill, especially if a child is becoming confused or is feeling pressured. It pays to talk to the teacher if you feel your child does not understand something, rather than confuse them further by teaching them in a different way.

**Do **play games! Dice, dominoes, track games and cards all make excellent excuses for applying our number skills. The evidence shows that children who play games do better at maths!

**Don ’t **stress about written calculations being laid out as you used to do them! Nowadays it is the development of what we call ‘numerical fluency’ that counts. Children need to be comfortable with numbers, to understand how they work and to be confident in doing mental calculations.

**Maths ideas to play at home:**

(Remember little and often can be a good rule!)

Play ‘ping pong’ to practise components with your child. You say a number and they reply with how much more is needed to make 10, 20, 100 or 1000. Encourage your child to answer quickly without counting or using fingers.

Use a set of playing cards (without the picture cards). Turn over two cards and ask your child to add or multiply the numbers. If they answer correctly, they keep the cards. How many cards can they collect in two minutes?

Give your child an answer. Ask them to write as many number sentences (calculations) as they can with this answer. You could just ask for addition sentences or any type of calculation.

Look out for car number plates. What is the number on the plate? What is this to the nearest 10 or 100 or 1000? How many more would you need to reach the next multiple of 10, 100 or 1000?

Make up rhymes together to help your child remember tricky times tables!

Make sure your child can not only recite their times tables (one six is six, two sixes are twelve, etc.) but that they can answer random questions, e.g. ‘what are four sixes?’

• Test them by asking division as well as multiplication facts, e.g. ‘what is 64 divided by 8?’ as well as ‘what are eight eights?’

• If they don’t know a fact, have they tried ‘turning it round’. So they might not remember five sevens, but they will almost certainly know seven fives. You can always ‘turn round’ a multiplication 5 x 7 = 7 x 5.

• Another easy technique is doubling up. If they can’t remember four sixes, try four threes (12) and double it. This works for the 6x table and the 8x table (double 4).

• Use some simple mnemonics. E.g. 56 = 7 x 8 or five, six, seven, eight to remember this fact!

**Also:**

Shopping – receipts; adding up items

Telling the time – how long until your favourite TV program

Measures – weighing – baking

Remember: MATHS SHOULD BE FUN!

**Recommended Maths Websites:-**

BBC Bitesize

http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks2/maths/

Woodlands Junior School

http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/maths/

Maths Zone

Crickweb

http://www.crickweb.co.uk/ks2numeracy.html

Hit the button

http://www.strike.lancsngfl.ac.uk/download/file/Willow%20Class/Maths/ITPs/Hit_the_button_v10.swf

Bang on Time

http://www.teachingtime.co.uk/clock2/clockwordsres.html

Moon Maths (Times Tables practise)

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/online/moonmaths.swf

Transum www.transum.org

**Apps:- **

- Puffin Academy App so that you can use My Maths on the ipad
- Squeebles Times Tables
- Mr Thornes Times Tables Terra, Divide and Conquer + Addition space station
- Let’s do Mental Maths
- Mathbit
- 2 minute Maths for kids

There are a lot of apps available for all tablets which you can search for in relation to all aspects of Maths and try out!

**Please see The Grove Junior School Calculation Policy for the formal written methods we use.**